The VEX GO Intro to Building Unit will familiarize you and your students with the VEX GO Kit. Students will work to prepare for a scientific voyage to explore Mars! They will experiment with VEX GO pieces and explore how they function in a STEM "build" to gain spatial reasoning and foundational building skills.
Pieces in the VEX GO Kit
Children are fascinated with building things and taking them apart. VEX GO builds are student-made, creative, physical structures for STEM investigations. Students will be introduced to the pieces of the VEX GO Kit throughout the Intro to Building Unit.
The VEX GO Kit poster lists the major categories of parts: pins, standoffs, shafts, gears, pulleys, disks, connectors, wheels, beams, angle beams, large beams, plates, and electronics. The poster also calls out the Pin Tool and the other pieces included in the kit.
Pins and Standoffs
Because pins and standoffs connect other pieces together, students may confuse their uses. Standoffs connect two pieces but leave a space in between. Each kind of standoff has a different width gap that will be created by its use.
Pins connect two or more pieces so that they lay flush with one another. The Red Pin can connect with one piece on each side. In contrast, the Green Pin can connect one piece on one side and with two pieces on the other side.
Pins and standoffs create connections between pieces that are in parallel to each other. However, connectors create connections at a 90 degree, right angle. The Green Connector and Orange Connector allow for the right angle connections as well as parallel connections.
Beams and Plates
Beams and plates are used to create the structural base of most builds. These are flat pieces with varying widths and lengths. The width and length of a beam or plate can be measured by the number of holes on the piece. Students will learn as they begin to build that beams (one hole in width) are not as stable as large beams (2 hole width) or plates (3 or more hole widths).
Gears and Wheels
Students will also learn to use a combination of gears and wheels through the Unit. Gears are used to transfer force from one position to another. This can be done with gears of the same size to transfer the same force or by using gears of varying sizes to create a speed or power advantage as the force is transferred. The Pink Pin can be used to connect gears to beams or plates while still allowing the gear to freely spin.
In later Units, students may be connecting their gears or wheels to a motor. This is when students should use the Red or Green Shafts or the Grey Pin to connect to the motor. To keep pieces in place on the different shafts, students can use the Shaft Collar.
While students become familiar with the VEX GO Kit, they will inevitably need help separating pieces. The Pin Tool helps students to separate pieces through three different functions: the Puller, the Lever, and the Pusher. The Puller is best suited for removing pins that have one end free.
To use the Puller, insert the pin into the slot at the nose, squeeze the Pin Tool, and pull back. The pin should be easily removed from the hole. In the case that a pin is not partially exposed, the Pusher can be used to push part of the pin free. The Lever is most appropriate when attempting to disconnect two beams or plates that are flush with one another. The Lever can be inserted between the two pieces and used to separate the connected pieces.
Mission to Mars
How do scientists and engineers gather information from places in the solar system that are far away and difficult to reach?
It would be unthinkable to send humans to the Moon or Mars without the technology needed to travel, investigate, and maintain life in outer space. Space and the surface of Mars are harsh environments for humans. Engineers have to design and build the tools to protect Astronauts and facilitate scientific inquiry in the harsh atmosphere of Mars.
Fun facts about Mars to consider when designing for the Intro to Building Unit:
- The surface of Mars is very cold and dry; in most places, it is too cold or dry to permit the growth and reproduction of Earth organisms.
- The average temperatures on Mars are well below -60°C (-83°F).
- There are high levels of solar radiation, which can damage body tissues.
- There is little or no atmosphere.
- There are no sources of food or water.
Current Mars initiatives include NASA’s Mars 2020 and NASA’s Moon to Mars program. NASA’s Mars 2020 Mission is currently planning a long-term project for robotic exploration of the surface and atmosphere of Mars. Mars 2020 rover mission addresses high-priority science goals for Mars exploration, including the potential for life on Mars.The mission also provides opportunities to gather knowledge and demonstrate technologies that address the challenges of future human expeditions to Mars. NASA’s Moon to Mars program explores human expansion through the solar system through commercial and international partners.
Exciting new breakthroughs in space initiatives happen every day. Teachers and students can keep up to date on NASA’s Teachable Moments blog. Teachable Moments is an interactive resource that includes Astronaut interviews, current videos and photos, and STEM challenges that are engaging for adults and children alike.
Stability & Balance
In Lab 3, students will be asked to build a launch pad that is stable and balanced. A stable structure is one that will not topple, slide, or collapse when acted upon by outside forces such as pushes or pulls. Stability is the resistance of a structure to undesirable movement like sliding, tipping or collapsing. The shape and materials used in a build determine its resistance to these forces, and influence its stability. Typically, structures with a wide base are more stable.
Engineers are interested in how objects balance so that they can build safe structures (auditoriums, Ferris wheels, and launch pads). A balanced structure has a strong center of gravity, and does not move easily. It is designed and built in a way to balance the forces acting upon it, such as gravity. Balance is especially important in cases where a structure may be impacted by heavy loads or unpredictable natural phenomena, such as space travel.
The Engineering Design Process
Students will use the the Engineering Design Process (EDP) to design and build a spaceship and a Mars base. The EDP is a series of steps that engineers follow to come up with solutions to problems. Often, the solution involves designing a product that meets certain criteria or accomplishes a certain task.
Next Generation Science Standards breaks down the EDP into the following steps: DEFINE → DEVELOP SOLUTIONS → OPTIMIZE.
- Defining engineering problems involves stating the problem to be solved as clearly as possible in terms of criteria for success, and constraints or limits.
- Designing solutions to engineering problems begins with generating a number of different possible solutions, then evaluating potential solutions to see which ones best meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.
- Optimizing the design solution involves a process in which solutions are systematically tested and refined and the final design is improved by trading off less important features for those that are more important.
The EDP is cyclic or iterative in nature. It is a process of making, testing and analyzing, and refining a product or process. Based on the results of testing, new iterations are created, and continue to be modified until the design team is satisfied with the results.
In this unit, students will use the EDP to dream up, plan, and build a Mars base. After an initial build, groups will test and improve their base design to meet design criteria and constraints.